Their ultimate solution was to separate the powers of government among three brancheslegislative, executive, and judicialso that each branch had to cooperate with the others in order to accomplish policymaking goals. 0000004796 00000 n True True or False : The president is able to pick his successor. Weekly US Government Data Roundup: May 1, 2023, People are waiting seven months longer for affordable housing than in 2010. The emergence of new regulations often tracks closely with intense media coverage of a problem. Data shines a spotlight on racial inequities in American life. C. lobby-agent theory. Equal B. False D. undesirables. Thejudicial branchinterprets the meaning of laws, applies laws to individual cases, and decides if laws violate the Constitution. sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and B. a fiscal year. B. increase the amount of money they can spend. Bureaucratization refers to efficiency measures of governmental productivity. 0000009759 00000 n 20 terms. The following is/are among the most common methods of privatizing government services: A. contracting B. franchising C. grants D. All of the above. D. vouchers. B. direct bureaucracy. C. healthcare. 0000001644 00000 n > A. obstruction B. confiscation C. earmarking D. impounding. 0000009229 00000 n An act of the legislature that allocates a certain amount of money to executive agencies is called an A. allocation. Government 10-K Its members usually serve shorter terms, often two years. 0000010559 00000 n Public employee unions use collective bargaining agreements to secure improved wages, benefits, and working conditions for their members. punctuation. C. public reactions to recommendations. The US is a constitutional republic and representative democracy. Patronage has been restricted over the years by the A. election of most state officials. yadi4905. Red tape B. Needless paperwork C. Responsive service D. Waste and inefficiency, The set of formal rules designed by a bureaucracy for the purpose of implementing legislation is called. Regulation is the development of formal rules for implementing legislation. sources in your research. The number of Americans receiving government food assistance grew by 12% in 2020. Your response to each part of the assignment should be Political support for privatization has come primarily from A. liberals. Your final product will be in a word document and be C. increased accountability and responsiveness. D. affirmative action. State Judicial Branch pg 67-68 8R. D. a more centralized state executive branch. Our Government officially recognizes 574Indian tribes in the contiguous 48 states and Alaska. Most state and local budgets have a fiscal year that coincides with the calendar year. US possession of certain of these areas is disputed by other countries. At the Constitutional Convention, the Framers debated these issues. C. principal-agent problem. Nebraska is the lone state that has just one chamber in its legislature. It is a fairly easy task to dismiss a public employee. Every state except one has a bicameral legislature made up of two chambers: a smaller upper house and a larger lower house. Since budgeting is a zero sum game, accomplishing political objectives involves all of the following EXCEPT. Court structures and judicial appointments/elections are determined either by legislation or by the state constitution. Some states have more U.S. representatives than other states. State and local bureaucracies have been shrinking in size since the early 1980s. To be counted as a government, any entity must possess all three of the following attributes: The US has many insular areas, or jurisdictions that are neither a state nor a federal district, including any commonwealth, freely associated state, possession, or territory. Franchising C. Vouchers D. Canvassing. B. divided government. D. devolution. PART I No state monies can be spent without a legislative appropriation. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk, Item 8. D. reduce their departments budget. 0000001096 00000 n Agency officials frequently press for budget increases. Small roads and key train infrastructure are in poor condition. Timothy_Halleron Plus. C. windfalls. In most states, other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners. The most common areas where privatization has occurred include A. education. D. shortfalls. root words. In the US, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, state, and local. D. all of the above. 0000026913 00000 n A. Item 1 - Purpose and Function of Our Government - General, Published on Mon, May 17, 2021 9:00AM PDT | Updated Mon, May 17, 2021 9:40AM PDT. actions would you implement to communicate, B. educational system. PART I The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states. There are more subsidized housing units, but people are waiting longer for them. 0000012197 00000 n 0000002336 00000 n "Load shedding" refers to local governments selling of some enterprises (for example, airports and stadiums) to the state/federal government. Rulings made in state supreme courts are normally binding; however, when questions are raised regarding consistency with the US Constitution, matters may be appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court. The remaining areas are small islands, atolls, and reefs in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The president can veto legislative bills passed by Congress before they become law (subject to Congressional override). 0000008288 00000 n Keep up with the latest data and most popular content. The theory that regulatory agencies are highly influenced by the industries they are charged with regulating is called A. the principal-agent problem. Look at the example. D. uncontrollable. 0000006080 00000 n These are considered A. uncontrollables. Critics of privatization point to the loss of governmental accountability and exaggerated cost. States reserve the right to organize in any way, so they often vary greatly with regard to executive structure. B. legislature-agent problem. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence, A letter to the countrys shareholders while the nation is at a crossroads. States exercise considerable regulatory power and authority in areas preempted by federal law and regulation. 0000007024 00000 n B.strengthened political parties. B. adjudication. Supporters of the reorganization of the state executive branch generally recommend A. a more decentralized state executive branch. Employee B served as an account executive in the DTC Unit from 2008 to 2011, working to model data for clients. > 0000006850 00000 n A quasi-judicial function of bureaucracies charged with ensuring compliance with governmental rules refers to the power of A. discretion. False True or False : A presidential candidate is selected by congress. D. a more centralized state executive branch. Which of the following is NOT a qualification for becoming governor or lieutenant governor? trailer <<53B7803EDDE04334A4E8C45EDA66BB88>]/Prev 62283/XRefStm 1463>> startxref 0 %%EOF 323 0 obj <>stream The goal of zero-based budgeting is to demand justification for all agency expenditures. Item7. D. none of the above. The state supreme court usually focuses on correcting errors made in lower courts and therefore holds no trials. 0000008794 00000 n 0000005793 00000 n 0000007474 00000 n D. legislatures always reject higher appropriations. D. all of the above. C. centralized management. Contracting B. 0000014026 00000 n two We elect a U.S. Representative for four years. 0000004310 00000 n Entitlement programs are an example of controllable governmental expenditures. 0000005907 00000 n All 50 states have legislatures made up of elected representatives, who consider matters brought forth by the governor or introduced by its members to create legislation that becomes law. D. all of the above. In contrast to private sector employees, public employees are generally allowed by law to strike. C. executive decision. Systems: This comprises the information flows that coordinate activities between groups and across the organization structure while helping direct worker behavior, including performance management, financial management, operating, forecasting and planning, and other regulating mechanisms. 0000004705 00000 n True True or False : In 1973 when Vice President Agnew resigned, President Nixon designated his successor. Bureaucrats have both public and personal motives to do all of the following EXCEPT A. expand their own authority. Budgets are political documents that record the struggles over who gets what. H\@. No two state executive organizations are identical. approximately 1012 pages in length and utilize 47 scholarly C. having the state's best economists on the governor's economic advisory board. scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of Bureaucracies expand because governmental decision making tends to be incremental. 0000005277 00000 n How might you and other leaders create new behaviors to However, these individuals may contribute to the revenues, expenditures, and other figures included in this report. civil war. How Congress, the presidency, the courts, and the bureaucracy compete, cooperate, and hold one another accountable in governing the United States. The justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. D. socialists. Vague C. Balanced D. Consititutional. B. Missouri Plan for state administrators. B. transportation. B. the interest group problem. From 2011 to the end of the Relevant Time Period, Employee B managed the DTC Unit. The judicial branch comprises the Supreme Court and other federal courts. B. untouchables. motivate, model the way, coach, inspire the vision, challenge D. capture theory. The privatization method that allows citizens to select service providers of their choice is through A. contracting. The goal of executive reorganization is often to increase the strength of the governor and centralize the fragmented state bureaucracy. kH3`` C. societal simplicity. 0000021782 00000 n Historically, jobs in state and local governments were doled out according to a patronage system. Government 10-K. What is the definition of poverty in the US? Employee C worked as a business-development manager responsible for soliciting clients for the DTC Unit from 2012 to the end of the Relevant Time . endstream endobj 322 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[33 251]/Length 31/Size 284/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000001807 00000 n All state governments are modeled after the federal government and consist of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. 0000019133 00000 n Strategic plan B. True 0000002488 00000 n Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Item10. the process, and encourage the heart? > FALSE State bureaucracies are highly centralized and as a result perform duties as an orderly functioning unit. If the sentence is true, circle "TRUE." If the sentence is false, circle "FALSE" and correct the sentence. Revenues that fall below those estimated in the budget and consequently force spending cuts during a fiscal year are called A. surpluses. C. conservatives. Under the Tenth Amendment to the US Constitution, all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved to the states and the people. 0000003641 00000 n Support for reinvention of government is strongest in the A. business community. Capital improvement plan C. Budget D. Legislative requests. States exercise considerable regulatory power and authority in areas A. such as the public utilities industry. 6. C. a leap year. B. adjudication. The yearly governmental accounting period, usually beginning July 1 and ending June 30, is called A. a calendar year. The population of these areas are excluded from our reported population figures. B. a strike. Patronage was a major source of power for state governors. 0000004041 00000 n Government data from over 70 sources organized to show how the money flows, the impact, and who "the people" are. D. reinvention. If you have a specific recommendation, you can reach us at [emailprotected]. The problem of ensuring that bureaucrats carry out the intentions of elected officials rather than their own self-interest is known as the A. governor-agent problem. 0000030899 00000 n 0000006289 00000 n 0000015720 00000 n 23 terms. A. C. the governor consistently wants a balanced budget with higher expenditure levels. The Constitution has been amended 27 times, including the first 10 amendments, the Bill of Rights, which forms the central basis of Americans individual rights. A compelling reason for the growth of bureaucratic power has been the simplification of societal concerns. Most government employment today operates under the merit system whereby jobs are given on the basis of party loyalty and electoral support. A. incrementalism B. load shedding C. reinvention D. devolution, Which of the following is NOT a common method of privatizing government services? C. minority communities. About this unit. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, Application of critical accounting policies, Item7A. Track how COVID-19 is spreading in the US, plus key indicators for pandemic recovery. hb``` #bl,?.l``/84k1eZynF|Qv)t"$0KPfI1*i U 05 For example, although the executive branch commands the military, only the legislative branch can declare . The legislature also approves a states budget and initiates tax legislation and articles of impeachment. Examples of privatized government services have included franchising of garbage collection and school voucher programs. D. all of the above. Reformers have called for privatization measures in order to increase the size of government. The US is increasingly a nation of immigrants. Reinventing government encourages government bureaucracies to be. 5. B. moderates. Because many laws are vague and ambiguous, bureaucrats must give concrete meaning to these symbolic gestures and sometimes have great latitude with which to implement these laws. Most public employee unions are not legally allowed to strike but are mandated by state law to bring their grievances to A. mediation. The tendency of bureaucrats and elected officials to approve new programs and spending, while seldom reviewing existing programs for their continued justification, is known as A. incrementalism. 0000005681 00000 n State Executive Branch. instrumental Together the two chambers make state laws and fulfill other governing responsibilities. 0000002309 00000 n Affirmative action programs have attempted to correct the problem of an unrepresentative bureaucracy. 0000013103 00000 n 12 terms. The smaller upper chamber is always called the Senate, and its members generally serve longer terms, usually four years. two answer choices True False Question 16 30 seconds Q. Item 1 - Purpose and Function of Our Government - General Like the states, the tribal governments have a great deal of autonomy with respect to their members, including the power to tax, govern, and try them in court, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency. Aeronautics and Space Administration. The patronage System A.handed out jobs based on political loyalty. Illinois Constitution Unit 29 State Officials 12 terms crkowalski Plus State Executive Branch 29 terms kamryng7456 The Illinois Constitution Units 29-35 75 terms dancer_514 State Judicial Branch pg 67-68 8R 13 terms yadi4905 Try it free Other sets by this creator. In most states, other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners. 2003-2023 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. C. implementation. D. nullification. B. the number of times he or she is called to testify at legislative budget hearings. The executive branch is the largest of the three branches of government. B. arbitration. D. an election year. 0000003726 00000 n